Typical Questions Whitebirch Answers:
- What is the role of the following in any given organization’s transition to the green economy: Green Bonds, Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE), Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs), Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs), Power-Purchase Agreements (PPAs), Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs), Energy Services Agreements (ESAs), Green Revolving Funds (GRFs), On-Bill Financing (OBF), Community Choice Aggregation (CCA), and leases?
- What are the budgetary impacts of changing and more extreme weather patterns? What are the financial impacts of the second order effects of these patterns, such as demographic shifts and impacts on local economic comparative advantages? How sensitive are these effects and impacts to different climate scenarios?
- What are the optimal ways to fund the types of infrastructure – physical or otherwise – that are required to bolster resilience to these effects? Does the optimal mix change depending on the climate scenario, and if so, how?
- What are the financial benefits and risks of converting increasing amounts of electricity generation to renewable sources? How do these differ depending on the technology involved, whether wind, solar PV, solar thermal, geothermal, hydro, biomass, storage, or microgrids? How would these change with the introduction of a carbon tax, emissions trading scheme, or modifications to current renewable portfolio standards?
- What are the financial benefits and risks of making buildings and modes of transportation more energy and water efficient? How do these differ depending on the technology involved, whether building envelope retrofits, upgrades to LED lighting, water system improvements, HVAC upgrades, zero-emissions vehicles, or otherwise? What levels of incentives, if any, are required to catalyze the desired uptake rates of each technology, and what are the short and long-term revenue and expenditure impacts of these decisions? How do these change when smart technologies are part of the equation?
- How will changes to federal and state tax incentives such as the investment tax credit or accelerated depreciation impact supply of and demand for tax equity partnerships and private capital in renewables power purchase agreements? What sources of funds can public institutions target to accomplish policy objectives if the supply of tax equity finance dries up?